Windsor Bridge and Approaches Act 1819
|Publication Date:||January 01, 1819|
(59 Geo. 3) c. cxxvi
An Act for rebuild Windsor Bridge, in the Borough of New Windsor, in the County of Berks; and to improve the Avenues thereto.
[6th July 1819]
ANNO QUINQUAGESIMO NONO GEORGII III. REGIS. ***#####*#**#**^#**##*####**##***####*#*.*## Cap. cxxvi. An Act to rebuild Windsor Bridge, in the Borough of New Windsor, in the Countyof Berks; and to improve the Avenues thereto. [6th July 1819.] W HEREAS the Mayor, Bailiffs, and Burgesses of the Borough of New Windsor, in the County of Berks, are lawfully seised of a Timber Bridge over the River Thames called Windsor Bridge, situate and being in the Borough of New Windsor aforesaid, and of' the Ways thereon, heading from New Windsor aforesaid to Eton, in the County of Bucks: And whereas by an Act made in the Ninth Year of His late Majesty King George the Second, intituled An Act for enabling the Mayor, 9 G. 2. c. 15. .Bailiffs, and Burgesses of the Borough o/"New Windsor, in the County of'Berks, to repair and maintain their great Bridge over the River of Thames, and the Way thereon leading from the said Borough of Hew Windsor to-Eton, in the County e^Bucks, the said Mayor, Bailiffs, and Burgesses are Authorized to collect, demand, and take, and do receive Tolls for certain Cattle and Carriages passing over and for Barges passing under the said Bridge ; but such Tolls are very unequally and partially laid and not duly proportioned :' And whereas the said Timber Bridge is narrow and incom- modious, and so greatly decayed that in the Judgment of able arid expe rienced Workmen it ought to be taken down and a new Bridge built: And whereas the said Mayor, Bailiffs, and Burgesses are desirous, for the Accommodation of the Public, to. build a new Bridge over the said River near the said present Bridge, but by an Estimate made of the Expence thereof it appears that the Tolls they now receive for passing over and under the present Bridge will fall very short of defraying the Expence of erecting a safe and commodious Bridge, and therefore it is expedient and necessary to make some other Provisions for the same, [Local.'] 2 1 T which 3386 59GEORGII III. Cap.cxxvl which cannot be effected without the Aid and Authority of Parliament: In order, therefore, to enable the said Mayor, Bailiffs, and Burgesses to build a proper and convenient Bridge, and to defray the Expence thereof, and of keeping the same in repair for ever, May it please Your Majesty that it may be enacted; and be it enacted by the King's most Excel lent Majesty, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and Mayor, &c.,of by the Authority of the same, That when and as soon as the said Bridge NewWindsor shall be taken down or rendered impassable the said recited Act shall toTnildl ke am* tne same 's nereby repealed, and it shall and may be lawful to and Bridge- fr tne said Mayor, Bailiffs, and Burgesses of the Borough of New Windsor aforesaid for the Time being, or the major Part of them, and they are hereby authorized, empowered, required, and directed, as soon as possibly may be, by themselves, their Deputies, Agents, Workmen, Servants, and others, to build a new Bridge, with Stone, Brick, Timber, Iron, and other substantial Materials, cross the said River Thames, upon the Site or at a proper Distance from the present Bridge called Windsor Bridge, and to design, assign, and lay out in what Manner and Form the said new Bridge shall be erected, built, and completed, and to dig and make proper Foundations in the said River, and on the Lands and Grounds lying and being on each Side thereof, for the Piers and Abutments of the said new intended Bridge, and to cut and level the Banks of the said River, in such Manner as may be necessary and proper for building the said Bridge, and to cut, remove, and take away all Trees, Roots of Trees, Beds of Gravel, Sand, Mud, or other Impediment which may in anywise tend to hinder the erecting or completing the said Bridge, and execute all other Things requisite and necessary, useful or convenient, for erecting and building, maintaining and supporting the said Bridge, and making proper Avenues thereto, and the said Mayor, Bailiffs, and Burgesses, or the major Part of them, shall from Time to Time have full Power and Authority to land on either Side of the said River within Two hundred Yards of the Site of the said Bridge, being Waste Land, all Materials and other Things to be used in and about the same, and there to work such Materials and Things according as they the said Mayor, Bailiffs, and Burgesses, or the Persons to be by them appointed, shall think necessary or proper for building the said new intended Bridge, and to widen or enlarge any Roads leading to the said Bridge on each Side of the said River, so as to make the same fit for Carriages; and for the several Purposes aforesaid it shall be lawful for the said Mayor, Bailiffs, and Burgesses for the Time being, or the major Part of them, and they are hereby authorized and empowered, upon giving Six Calendar Months previous Notice in Writing to the Lessees respectively, to cause the Dwelling House, Toll House, and Premises at the South End of the said Bridge, now occupied by Anne Hyde Widow and Christopher Huddlestone, to be pulled down, and the Materials thereof applied for the Use and Benefit of the said Mayor, Bailiffs, and Burgesses, they the said Mayor, Bailiffs, and Burgesses, and the Persons tobe by them employed or appointed as aforesaid, doing as litde Damage as may be, and making such Satisfaction as is herein-after mentioned to the respective Owners and Occupiers of such Houses, Lands, and Grounds as shall be altered, damaged, spoiled, taken, or made use of by means or for the Purposes of this Act. II. And 59GEORGII III. Gzp.cxxvi. 3387 II. And to the Intent the Navigation of the said River Thames may not How the in anywise be prejudiced or obstructed, and that the Road over the said Bridge shall Bridge may be made convenient, safe, and commodious, be it further e u enacted, That the said new intended Bridge shall be of the Width of Twenty-six Feet, and Three Feet Six Inches higher than the present at least, and shall consist of such Number of Arches as the said Mayor, Bailiffs, and Burgesses, or the major Part of them, shall think proper and requisite; and that the said Mayor, Bailiffs, and Burgesses, or the major Part of them, shall cause proper and convenient Carriage and Footways to be made over the said Bridge, which shall be properly guarded on each Side by a Stone Fence, and that the said Bridge shall be faced on each Side with strong and sufficient Iron Railing, and that no House or Building shall be set up, erected, or built upon the said Bridge, except a Toll House or Toll Houses, in case the said Mayor, Bailiffs, and Burgesses, or the major Part of them, shall judge it requisite and necessary for the Purposes of this Act: Provided always, that the Top of the Piers at the Springing of the Centre Arch shall be only Two Feet below the Soffite or Ceiling of the present navigable Opening, nor less than Three Feet Six Inches of additional clear Height above the Water, throughout the Space of Twenty Feet at the least in the Middle of the Centre Arch of the new intended Bridge, than there now is of clear Height for Barges to pass under the present Bridge ; the said Centre Arch also being not less than Fifty-five Feet in Width, nor the Space between the Abutments less than One hundred and fifty-seven Feet: Provided also, that there shall be no Obstruction to the Navigation, by centering or otherwise, during the building the said new intended Bridge. III. And whereas it will be necessary during the Time the said Bridge A Ferry to shall be building, and at such other Time or Times thereafter when the be provided same shall require Reparation and be impassable, that a Ferry be main- LU-,'dnsfef tained for conveying Passengers, Horses, Cattle, Coaches, and other tj,e Bridee Carriages cross the River Thames; be it further enacted, That the said and at all ' Mayor, Bailiffs, and Burgesses, or the major Part of them, and no other Times when Person or Persons whomsoever, shall have Power, and they are hereby imPassable' required as often as there shall be Occasion, to erect a safe, proper, and convenient Ferry for such Conveyance as aforesaid, cross the said River Thames, at such Place or Places as they shall judge to be most proper and convenient, and as near to the said Bridge as Circumstances will admit; and that the same Tolls for such Horses, Cattle, Coaches, and other Carriages shall be paid and taken, as well in going as returning, for every Passage over the said River by means of such Ferry, as are herein-after directed to be paid and taken for passing over the said new intended Bridge, and also a reasonable Toll for every Foot Passenger, not exceeding One Halfpenny for each Time of passing, over and above the before-mentioned Tolls ; which Tolls for passing over the said River RegularTolls by such Ferry shall be collected and levied by the said Mayor, Bailiffs, to be paid for and Burgesses, or some Person or Persons by them duly authorized, with Passage over such Power of Distress, and with such Provision for giving and producing l e " ge* Tickets (if demanded), as are herein-after mentioned and directed with regard to the Tolls and Duties to be paid for passing over the said Bridge; and all the Monies arising by the Profits of the said Ferry shall be paid to the said Mayor, Bailiffs, and Burgesses, or such Person or Persons as they 3388 59GEORGII III. Cap. cxxvi. they shall employ to work and manage the same, and shall be disposed of and applied to the same Uses, Intents, and Purposes as the Tolls and' Duties afore mentioned are applicable. Ferry to be IV. Provided always, That such Ferry or Ferries shall not continue for used no anv longer Time than the Passage over the said...
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