Thames Embankment Act 1863
|Publication Date:||January 01, 1863|
(26 & 27 Vict.) C A P. LXXV.
[28th July 1863]
'WHEREAS by TheThames Embankment Act, 1862, herein-after called the Embankment Act of 1862, the Metropolitan Board of Works, herein-after called the Board, were authorized to make (among other things) an Embankment on the Left Bank of the Thames , from Westminster Bridge to the Eastern Boundary of the Inner Temple , with a public Roadway thereon
And whereas by TheLondon Coal and Wine Duties Continuance Act, 1861, a Fund, called the Thames Embankment and Metropolis Improvement Fund, was established out of the Proceeds of certain Local Coal and Wine Duties thereby to be continued until the Fifth Day of July One thousand eight hundred and seventy-two, and was thereby directed to be applied to the Improvement of the Metropolis in such Manner as might thereafter be determined by Parliament
And whereas by the Embankment Act of 1862 the Expenses of the Undertaking by that Act authorized were charged upon the said Improvement Fund, subject to certain prior Charges thereon:
And whereas another Bill has been introduced into Parliament in the present Session, to provide a convenient Communication for Traffic in connexion with the Embankment on the Left Bank, by making a new Street fromBlackfriars to the Mansion House , and charging the said Improvement Fund with the Expenses of that Undertaking
And whereas it is expedient that the Board should also be authorized to make an Embankment on Part of the Right Bank of theThames in the Parish of Saint Mary Lambeth , with a public Roadway or public Footway thereon, and new Streets or Approaches communicating with such Roadway; and it is expedient that, subject to and after paying for all the Expenses of completing the Undertakings authorized by the Embankment Act of 1862, and by the said Bill for a new Street, the Expenses of the said intended Embankment on the Right Bank, and the Works connected therewith, should likewise be charged on the said Improvement Fund
And whereas a Bill has been introduced into Parliament in the present Session with the Short Title of TheLondon Coal and Wine Duties Continuance Act, 1863, whereby (among other things) the Duties constituting the said Improvement Fund are proposed to be continued for a further Period of Ten Years from the Fifth Day of July One thousand eight hundred and seventy-two, and to be carried over to the same Fund:
And whereas the Objects of the present Act cannot be effected without the Authority of Parliament:
And whereas Plans and Sections of the intended Embankment, new Streets, and Approaches, showing the proposed Situation, Lines, and Levels thereof, and the Lands intended to be or which may be taken for the Purposes thereof, and a Book of Reference to the same Plans containing the Names of the Owners or reputed Owners, Lessees or reputed Lessees, and Occupiers of the same Lands, have been deposited at the Office of the Clerk of the Peace for the County ofSurrey , and the same are herein-after referred to as the deposited Plans, Sections, and Book of Reference:'
May it therefore please Your Majesty, that it may be enacted; and be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the Authority of the same, as follows:
1 Power to make Works according to deposited Plans.
1. The Board may, in the Situations and Lines, and according to the Levels, and within the Limits of Deviation, and on the Lands, defined in the deposited Plans, Sections, and Book of Reference, make and execute the Embankment and Works herein-after described; namely,
(1)Works authorized. (1.) An Enlargement of the Bed of the River Thames , by an Excavation of the Land, and Removal of the Wharf Walls and Premises from or near Gunhouse Alley near to the London Gasworks to or near Broad Street , all in the Parish of Saint Mary Lambeth:
(2) (2.) An Embankment on the Right Bank of the Thames in the Parish of Saint Mary Lambeth , commencing at or near Gunhouse Alley , and ending at Westminster Bridge:
(3) (3.) A new Street, to be wholly situate in the Parish of Saint Mary Lambeth , from Palace New Road to Bishop's Walk:
(4) (4.) The widening of Palace New Road within the Limits of Deviation in continuation of such last-mentioned Street:
(5) (5.) A new Street, to be wholly situate in the Parish of Saint Mary Lambeth , commencing in and out of the Roadway on the before-mentioned intended Embankment, and terminating at or near Vauxhall Row:
(6) (6.) The reclaiming or inclosing of a Portion of the Bed or Foreshore of the River Thames .
2 Public Footway along the Embankment.
2. The Board shall lay out and maintain a public Footway of not less than Twenty Feet in Width on and along the said Embankment fromWestminster Bridge to the Point where the intended Street to Vauxhall Row diverges from the Embankment Roadway.
3 Auxiliary Works.
3. In and for the Purpose of making and executing the Embankment and Works aforesaid the Board may inclose and fill up the Shore and Bed of theThames to the Extent defined on the deposited Plans, and also any such further Parts thereof as may be required by the Board for constructing any Barge Beds, Recesses, Stairs, Piers, Landing Places, Hards, or other Works under the Powers of this Act, and also may remove, destroy, alter, divert, stop up, inclose, use, or appropriate all or any Part of any Street, Square, Place, Court, Alley, or Passage, whether a Thoroughfare or not, or of any Thoroughfare, Road, Lane, or Way, or of any Stream, Drain, Sewer, Watercourse, void Ground, Wharf, Jetty, Quay, Barge Bed, Stair, Pier, Landing Place, Hard, Mooring Post or Ring, Post, Pile, or other Property which in the Judgment of the Board is necessary to be so dealt with for the Purposes of this Act, the Board providing a proper Substitute before interrupting the Flow of Sewage in any Drain or Sewer, making Compensation to all Persons having any Interest in any Wharves, Jetties, or other Property taken for or injuriously affected by such Works, or other the Exercise of the Powers of this Act.
4 Power to Board to construct or provide Barge Beds, &c.
4. For the Purpose of diminishing so far as practicable Inconvenience to the Wharfingers, Warehousemen, and others having Wharfs or Premises on the Line of the Embankment, or having Rights of Way, Easements, or other Access to the River, the Board may construct or provide, and afterwards maintain, alter, or improve, all such Barge Beds, Receptacles, Recesses, Cuts, and Basins, and all such other Conveniences for loading and unloading Goods from Barges, Lighters, and Boats, with Entrances or Passages or Means of Access to and from theThames under the Embankment, and all such Slips, Hards, Landing Places, Jetties, Wharves, Yards, Approaches, and other Conveniences and Works connected therewith, as the Board may think proper, for the Accommodation and Use of Wharfingers, Warehousemen, and other Persons carrying on Trade or Business in the Neighbourhood of the Embankment, and may set apart and appropriate for the Purposes of the present Section any Land acquired or reclaimed by the Board under this Act, and may enter into and carry into effect such Agreements as the Board thinks fit with any Wharfingers, Warehousemen, and other Persons with reference to the Construction, providing, Maintenance, Alteration, Improvement, or Use of any such Work or Convenience as aforesaid.
5 Power to deviate.
5. In carrying the Works and Improvements by this Act authorized into execution the Board may deviate to any Extent not exceeding Twelve Feet from the Levels defined on the deposited Sections, and may deviate from the Line of any of the Works authorized by this Act within the Limits of Deviation defined on the deposited Plans, but not beyond such Limits without the Consent of the Person or Body through whose Lands any such Deviation is made, nor carry the Line of the Embankment Wall, as defined on the deposited Plans, further into the Stream of theThames than Fifteen Feet, without the Consent of the Conservators of the Thames signified in Writing under the Hand of their Secretary: Provided always, that the Board shall not be authorized, under the Powers of this Act, to take any of the Lands and Buildings situate between New Bridge Street, High Street , the River Thames , and Lacks Dock , and the Approach to such Dock from High Street , although such Lands and Buildings are delineated on the deposited Plans.
6 For the Protection of Lambeth Bridge.
6. The Board shall not be authorized, without the Consent of theLambeth Bridge Company, to lower the Level of any Part of Lambeth Bridge , or the Approaches thereto within One hundred Feet of the Bridge, or to raise such Level to a greater Extent than is shown on the deposited Sections, and any Works to be executed under the Authority of this Act which may in any way affect the Structure of the said Bridge shall not be carried into effect without the Approval of the Engineer for the Time being of the said Bridge, and such Works shall be executed so that One Footway and Half the Carriage-way of the said Bridge and Approaches as aforesaid shall always be open for Traffic, and be in a fit State for Traffic to pass over; and in case the Level of the said Bridge and Approaches shall be raised by the Board at the Toll House thereof on the Lambeth Side, the Board shall raise, and if necessary rebuild, the said Toll House, so as...
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