Parental Bereavement (Leave and Pay) Act 2018
|Document Number:||2018 CHAPTER 24|
An Act to make provision about leave and pay for employees whose children have died.
Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—
1 Parental bereavement leave and pay
In the Schedule—
(a) Part 1 creates a statutory entitlement to parental bereavement leave,
(b) Part 2 creates a statutory entitlement to parental bereavement pay, and
(c) Part 3 contains related amendments.
2 Extent, commencement and short title
(1) An amendment or repeal made by the Schedule has the same extent as the provision to which it relates.
(2) Section 1 and the Schedule come into force on such day as the Secretary of State may by regulations made by statutory instrument appoint; and different days may be appointed for different purposes.
(3) This section comes into force on the day on which this Act is passed.
(4) This Act may be cited as the Parental Bereavement (Leave and Pay) Act 2018.
SCHEDULEParental bereavement leave and pay
PART 1 Parental bereavement leave
1 The Employment Rights Act 1996 is amended as follows.
2 After section 80 E insert—
“CHAPTER 4 Parental bereavement leave
80 EAParental bereavement leave
(1) The Secretary of State must make regulations entitling an employee who is a bereaved parent to be absent from work on leave under this section.
(2) For the purposes of subsection (1) an employee is a “bereaved parent” if the employee satisfies conditions specified in the regulations as to relationship with a child who has died.
(3) The conditions specified under subsection (2) may be framed, in whole or in part, by reference to the employee’s care of the child before the child’s death.
(4) The regulations must include provision for determining—
(a) the extent of an employee’s entitlement to leave under this section in respect of a child;
(b) when leave under this section may be taken.
(5) Provision under subsection (4)(a) must secure that where an employee is entitled to leave under this section in respect of a child the employee is entitled to at least two weeks’ leave.
(6) Provision under subsection (4)(b) must secure that leave under this section must be taken before the end of a period of at least 56 days beginning with the date of the child’s death.
(7) The regulations must secure that where a person is eligible under subsection (1) as the result of the death of more than one child, the person is entitled to leave in respect of each child.
(8) The regulations may make provision about how leave under this section is to be taken.
(9) In this section—
“child” means a person under the age of 18 (see also section 80 EE for the application of this Chapter in relation to stillbirths);
“week” means any period of seven days.
80 EBRights during and after bereavement leave
(1) Regulations under section 80 EA must provide—
(a) that an employee who is absent on leave under that section is entitled, for such purposes and to such extent as the regulations may prescribe, to the benefit of the terms and conditions of employment which would have applied but for the absence,
(b) that an employee who is absent on leave under that section is bound, for such purposes and to such extent as the regulations may prescribe, by obligations arising under those terms and conditions (except in so far as they are inconsistent with subsection (1) of that section) , and
(c) that an employee who is absent on leave under that section is entitled to return from leave to a job of a kind prescribed by regulations, subject to section 80 EC(1).
(2) The reference in subsection (1)(c) to absence on leave under section 80 EA includes, where appropriate, a reference to a continuous period of absence attributable partly to leave under that section and partly to any one or more of the following—
(a) maternity leave,
(b) paternity leave,
(c) adoption leave,
(d) shared parental leave, and
(e) parental leave.
(3) In subsection (1)(a) , “terms and conditions of employment”—
(a) includes matters connected with an employee’s employment whether or not they arise under the contract of employment, but
(b) does not include terms and conditions about remuneration.
(4) Regulations under section 80 EA may specify matters which are, or are not, to be treated as remuneration for the purposes of this section.
(5) Regulations under section 80 EA may make provision, in relation to the right to return mentioned in subsection (1)(c) , about—
(a) seniority, pension rights and similar rights;
(b) terms and conditions of employment on return.
80 ECSpecial cases
(1) Regulations under section 80 EA may make provision about—
(a) redundancy, or
(b) dismissal (other than by reason of redundancy) ,
during a period of leave under that section.
(2) Provision by virtue of subsection (1) may include—
(a) provision requiring an employer to offer alternative employment;
(b) provision for the consequences of failure to comply with the regulations (which may include provision for a dismissal to be treated as unfair for the purposes of Part 10).
80 EDChapter 4: supplemental
Regulations under section 80 EA may—
(a) make provision about notices to be given, evidence to be produced and other procedures to be followed by employees and employers;
(b) make provision requiring employers or employees to keep records;
(c) make provision for the consequences of failure to give notices, to produce evidence, to keep records or to comply with other procedural requirements;
(d) make provision for the consequences of failure to act in accordance with a notice given by virtue of paragraph (a);
(e) make special provision for cases where an employee has a right which corresponds to a right under section 80 EA and which arises under the person’s contract of employment or otherwise;
(f) make provision modifying the effect of Chapter 2 of Part 14 (calculation of a week’s pay) in relation to an employee who is or has been absent from work on leave under section 80 EA;
(g) make provision applying, modifying or excluding an enactment, in such circumstances as may be specified and subject to any conditions which may be specified, in relation to a person entitled to take leave under section 80 EA;
(h) make different provision for different cases or circumstances;
(i) make consequential provision.
80 EEApplication in relation to stillbirths
In this Chapter—
(a) references to a child include a child stillborn after twenty-four weeks of pregnancy, and
(b) references to the death of a child are to be read, in relation to a stillborn child, as references to the birth of the child.”
3 In section 236(3) (orders and regulations subject to affirmative procedure) , after “80 B” insert “, 80 EA”.
PART 2 Parental bereavement pay
4 The Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992 is amended as follows.
5 After section 171 ZZ5 insert—
“PART 12 ZDStatutory parental bereavement pay
171 ZZ6 Entitlement
(1) A person who satisfies the conditions in subsection (2) is entitled in accordance with the following provisions of this Part to payments to be known as “statutory parental bereavement pay”.
(2) The conditions are—
(a) that the person is a bereaved parent,
(b) that the person has been in employed earner’s employment with an employer for a continuous period of at least 26 weeks ending with the relevant week,
(c) that at the end of the relevant week the person was entitled to be in that employment (but see subsection (7)) ,
(d) that the person’s normal weekly earnings for the period of 8 weeks ending with the relevant week are not less than the lower earnings limit in force under section 5(1)(a) at the end of the relevant week, and
(e) that the person has been in employed earner’s employment with the employer by reference to whom the condition in paragraph (b) is satisfied for a continuous period beginning with the end of the relevant week and ending with the day on which the child dies.
(3) For the purposes of subsection (2) an employee is a “bereaved parent” if the employee satisfies prescribed conditions as to relationship with a child who has died.
(4) The conditions prescribed under subsection (3) may be framed, in whole or in part, by reference to the employee’s care of the child before the child’s death.
(5) In subsection (2) “relevant week” means the week immediately before the one in which the child dies.
(6) Where a person satisfies the conditions in subsection (2) as a result of the death of more than one child, the person is entitled to statutory parental bereavement pay in respect of each child.
(7) In relation to a bereaved parent whose child dies before the day on which section 63(3) of the Welfare Reform Act 2012 comes fully into force, subsection (2) above is to be read as if paragraph (c) were omitted.
171 ZZ7 Entitlement: supplementary
(1) A person is entitled to payments of statutory parental bereavement pay in respect of any period only if the person gives notice to whoever is...
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