Norwich Public Works, Bridges and Roads Act 1839

Publication Date:January 01, 1839
 
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Norwich Public Works, Bridges and Roads Act 1839

(2 & 3 Vict.) c. lxii

An Act to repeal so much of an Act passed in the Twelfth Year of the Reign of His Majesty King George the First, for repairing the Walls, Gates, and other public Works in the City of Norwich, and several Bridges in and near the said City, and for amending the Roads therein mentioned, as relates to the Application of the Tolls and Duties thereby authorized to be raised; and to provide a new Mode of Application thereof.

[1st July 1839]

ANNO SECUNDO & TERTIO GIN.E. ********************.***^***************#**-********* Cap. lxii. An Act to repeal so much of an Act passed in the Twelfth Year of the Reign of His Majesty King George the First, for repairing the Walls, Gates, and other public Works in the City of Norwich, and several Bridges in and near the said City, and for amending the Roads therein mentioned, as relates to the Application of the Tolls and Duties thereby authorized to be raised; and to provide a new Mode of Application thereof. [1st July 1839.] w HEREAS by an Act passed in the Twelfth Year of the Reign of His Majesty King George the First, intituled An Act for repairing the Walls, Gates, and other public 12 G. I.e. 15 were then become very ruinous, and out of Repair, 17 P and Works in the City of Norwich, and several Bridges in and near the said City, and for amending the Roads therein mentioned, after reciting in the said Act, that the City of Norwich was an ancient City, and the greatest Part thereof encompassed with thick Stone Walls, wherein were Twelve large Gates, and that there were also Six large Bridges over the River running through the said City, called Hellesdon, Coslany, Black Fryers, Fye Bridge, White Fryers, and Bishopgate Bridges, and likewise divers public Wastes, Stathes, and Wharfs in the said City, and that the said Walls, Gates, Bridges, Wastes, Stathes, and Wharfs [Local.~] 1530 2 & 3 VICTORIA, C^.lxii. and that the Mayor, Sheriffs, Citizens, and Commonalty of the said City had for many Years then last past, in ease of the Inhabitants of the said City, expended great Sums of Money out of the Revenue and Income of the said City in repairing the said Walls, Gates, Bridges, Wastes, Stathes, and Wharfs, whereby the Revenues of the said City had become so exhausted that they were unable to rebuild or maintain the necessary Works aforesaid ; and that the Roads leading from Saint Stephens Gates in the said City, towards Eaton, to the further End of the Town Close, and from the said Gates, towards Harford Bridges, to the further End of the said Town Close, being the great Roads leading from the said City of Norwich to the City of London, were in so ruinous a Condition that Passengers could not pass through the same without great Danger, and that it was not known to what Towns or Parishes the said Roads belonged, to the end that the said Walls and Bridges might be repaired or rebuilt, and the Gates, Wastes, Stathes, Wharfs, and Highways might be repaired and kept in repair for the future ; it was in and by the said Act amongst other things enacted, that at all Times from and after the First Day of May One thousand seven hundred and twenty-six there should be paid by every Master or other Person or Persons having the Command, Rule, Management, or Working of any Boat, Keel, Wherry, Lighter, Hoy, or other Vessel which should pass up the common River higher than Thorpe Hall in Thorpe next Norwich, towards the said City of Norwich, before they ^should unlade any Goods or Merchan dizes therein, the Tolls or Duties therein particularly mentioned, and that the said Tolls and Duties should be paid to the said Mayor, Sheriffs, Citizens, and Commonalty of the said City of Norwich for the Time being, or to such Person or Persons as they should appoint to collect and receive the same, and when received should be applied and disposed of for and towards building or repairing the Walls arid Bridges aforesaid, and for and towards amending, re pairing, and maintaining the Gates, Wastes, Stathes, Wharfs, and High ways or Roads aforesaid, and other public Works, within the said City, and in Payment of an annual Sum of Thirty Pounds to the Treasurer for the Time being of the County of Norfolk for and towards the re pairing, rebuilding, and amending certain Bridges therein particularly referred to, and for no other Purpose, whatsoever: And whereas under and by virtue of the Provisions of an' Act of Parliament passed in the Fifth and Sixth Years of the Reign of His late Majesty 5 & 6 VV.4. King William the Fourth, intituled An Act to provide for the Regit- c-67. lation of Municipal Corporations in England and Wales, the Nam or Title of the Body Corporate of the said City of Norwich hatji been changed from " The Mayor, Sheriffs, Citizens, and Commonalty of the City of Norwich" to that of "The Mayor, Aldermen, and Burgesses of the Borough of Norwich," by which Name or Title the said Body Corporate is thereby made capable in Law, by the Council of the same Borough, composed and elected as therein mentioned, of doing and suffering all Acts which the said Body Corporate, at the Time of passing the said last-mentioned Act, could have lawfully done or suffered by their said former Name or Title of Incorporation: And whereas all the Gates mentioned in the said Act of the Twelfth Year of the Reign of His late Majesty King George the First have been long since taken, down or removed, and the Walls therein 1 mentioned 2 & 3 VICTORIA CapMl 1531 rnentioned are now in a great measure useless, and have fallen into Decay, and Parts of the Sites of "the said Walls have been covered with Buildings erected for the Purpose of Residence or Trade, and some of the said Bridges mentioned in the same Act are now in a good State of Repair, and therefore the said Tolls and Duties are not now requisite for all the Purposes mentioned in the same, Act; and it is expedient that the same Tolls and Duties should be applied to other Purposes and in the Manner herein-after mentioned, and that so much of the said recited Act of the Twelfth Year of the Reign of King George the First as relates to the Application of the said Tolls and Duties should be repealed : And whereas the Powers of the ordinary Police of the City of Norwich are inadequate to the Prevention of Robberies from Vessels and Craft employed and navigating on the River Wensum or Yare, within the Jurisdiction of the said Mayor, Aldermen, and Burgesses, or to prevent the Commission of Felonies and Misdemeanors upon the same River or the Banks thereof; and the Establishment of a River Police, with fit Powers for the Prevention of Robberies and Disorder upon the said River and the Banks thereof within the said Jurisdiction, would be very advantageous to the Public and to the Traders on the said River, and it is just and expedient that a Portion of the Tolls and Duties payable under the. said recited Act of the Twelfth .Year of the Reign of King George the First should be applied to that Purpose : And whereas the Body Corporate of the said Mayor,, Aldermen, and Burgesses of the said City of Norwich are possessed of. a Building in the said City called Saint Andrew's Hall, which is commonly used for public Meetings and other general Purposes, and of certain Erections adjoining to and used with the same, which are of great Benefit and Convenience to all the Inhabitants of the said City, and the said Body Corporate are also possessed of other Buildings in the said City called the Guild* hall, with the Sessions House therein, which are respectively used for the Administration of Justice and other public Purposes, and all the said Buildings have been usually kept in repair by means of the Tolls and Duties levied under the said Act of the Twelfth Year of the Reign of King George the First, and it is expedient that the said Tolls and Duties, or a Portion thereof) should continue to be applied for such Repairs in the Manner herein-after mentioned : And whereas by an Act of Parliament passed in the Forty-ninth Year of the Reign of King George the Third, intituled An Act for building a Bridge over 49G.3. c.85. the River Wensum, between the Site where the Gates called King Street Gates formerly stood and Carrow Abbey, to the Hamlet of Thorpe in the Count// of the City of Norwich, certain Commissioners therein named, and their Successors, were empowered to build such Bridge, with proper Approaches thereto, and to keep the same in repair, and for such Purpose to levy Tolls as therein mentioned upon Passengers, Carriages, and Animals passing over the said Bridge, and also to borrow any Sum not exceeding Eight thousand Pounds, either by way of Mortgage of the said Bridge and the said Tolls, or by granting Life Annuities to be payable thereout; and the said Act also contained Provisions for the total Cesser of the said Tolls after an accumulated Fund should have been provided as therein mentioned for paying off the Debts due by the said Commissioners,. and for maintaining .andrjkeeping permanently..-in .repair the _said Bridge 1532 T & 3" VICTORIA, CapAxii. Bridge and Approaches, and for other Purposes therein mentioned: And whereas an Act was passed in the Fiftieth Year of the Reign of 50G.3. c.39. King George the Third, intituled An Act for building a Bridge over the River Wensum in the City ^Norwich to the Hamlet of Thorpe in the County of the said City, whereby Powers were given to certain Commissioners therein named, and their Successors, for building such Bridge, with the Approaches thereto, and for keeping the same in repair, and for taking certain Tolls therein mentioned upon Passengers, Carriages, and Animals passing over the said Bridge, and for borrowing any Sum of Money not exceeding Eight thousand Pounds for the Purposes aforesaid, either by way of Mortgage of the said Bridge and the Tolls or Duties thereof, or by granting Life Annuities to be payable thereout; and the same Act also contained Provisions for the...

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